~ Jenefa Sweetlyn John
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The Concept of Education has become a marketing niche in the present world. In the name of progress, the whole concept of education is misinterpreted and constrained into a small term of schooling.
Is attending school and colleges the only full-length concept of education? Let’s plunge into the various concepts of education constructed in its evolution.
What is Education?
To begin with, education is not a ‘thing’. It is not a substance that can be pointed out or sold. Instead, it is a method. A method that polishes the human mind improves and trains it to be better.
The root of the term Education is as deceptive as the concept of education. Education is derived from the Latin words Educare and Educatum. The former means to bring up and the latter denotes the art of teaching and training.
Thus, in simple terms, education can be defined as a method or practice that aims at teaching an individual a new skill or new principles. Furthermore, this sharpens the minds and builds moral principles in an individual.
The Concept of Education
We can thus conclude that the current concept of education is the art of teaching and training. Unfortunately, at present education is no more provided with the aim of bringing up an individual and cultivating the moral values in him/her.
The environment in which we live has reduced the concept of education to a narrow pathway towards success and a sophisticated life. It has become an object.
The object used by educational institutions to gulp money and undeniably by the learners to secure a wealthy living.
The Indian Concept of Education
The Indian concept of Education is a tri polar process. It involves the educator, educand and social factors that aid in shaping both the educand and the educator.
In India, spirituality poses model to the concept of education. Education is the development of the mind for the betterment of the individual and the society. It is the process of self-realization. It creates selfless individuals to the society.
The Western Concept of Education
The Western concept views education as a tool to magnify one’s ability to reason and make senseful judgements.
It is the creation of sound mind and sound body. It invigorates man’s innate powers.
The Modern Concept of Education
The modern concept of education takes us immediately to the word ‘Technology’. However, it is not always about technology.
Technology brings with it, its own defects. The modern concept, in no way, promotes the growth of education. Rather, it injects the use of technology into the education system. This injection has its benefits as well as side-effects.
The introduction of technology to education through this modern concept has provided the education system a huge head start and has opened new horizons for the students. However, this omnipresence of technology has made students more prone to the lack of concentration.
To uphold the truest sense of the term, the modern concept should study the entire concept of education, look through its shortcomings and bring better change in possible ways to increase productivity to run effectively. It should glance through the history and rectify the shortcomings for a better tomorrow.
Forms of Learning
While speaking about the idea and the abstract behind the learning infrastructure, it is highly important to state the various forms of learning. Learning can be summed up into three forms.
The three forms of learning are:
- Formal Learning
- Informal Learning
- Non-Formal Learning
The formal learning is achieved through a formulated structure. It is also called structured learning or synchronous learning. It is what we call schooling now. This educational method includes teaching, training and research.
The learners play a passive role in this learning. The presence of reinforcement and punishment makes this learning compelling and tedious.
More than gaining knowledge and expanding one’s interest, more seriousness is given towards completing the learning process to progress in life. This approach does more good than harm to the minds of the students.
The informal learning is the process of learning in the absence of any educational medium. It is the unconscious way of acquiring knowledge through experience with the support of the environment.
This is how children learn to speak their mother tongue. It does not include any punishment and reinforcement. It is learning in sameness with nature. It is completely incidental. The conception of learning cannot and should not be planned all the time.
Non- Formal Education
The non-formal education is contrary to the formal education. It is not structured. Learning acquired through community services, fitness club, sports club, swimming classes and myriad of other online courses come under this form of education.
It happens without any compulsion and with an increased participation. The learner plays seminal role in this education methodology. Thus, this type of education can be a best alternative to formal education.
Education – The Truest Sense of the Term
By now, we can agree that education is an abstract idea. There is no definitive approach or path to imbibe this idea. It differs in each individual as to how they can assimilate learning.
Education, in its truest sense can be expressed as follows:
- Education is thriving everyone’s truth with shared experience and knowledge.
- Education is the cultivation of good and virtuous life.
- Education is flourishing our potential to reach the maximum limit.
- Education is the technique of owning, possessing and controlling our self.
Education as a social process
The entire concept of education concentrates on the social process. The wider the reach, the better the results. Education should not take place as a bipolar process. Rather, it should be more of a barter system wherein everyone learns something from the other and in return teaches the other something.
Education should be a form of reflecting the social and cultural background of the society in a civilized manner. The self-centred objective of the society should change to unification of the society.
Schools should flourish a relationship with society. In cooperation with the society schools should strengthen their goals and promote moral and ethical education.
Education to Edutainment
Edutainment is the classical collaboration of education with entertainment. Not only does this combo lead to a greater participation among the students but also prevents learning from becoming monotonous.
There are a few ways to implement edutainment. For instance, the classroom must be made lively. Teachers should replace the impotent teaching methods and propagate the active participation of the learners. The usage of technology, with restrictions, is appreciable in this process.
Role of Educators
Learning is successful only when it is facilitated through the right mentors and teachers. Playing this exclusive role of building many lives, teachers should take in with them some productive qualities.
The educators must be well informed as the learners view them as the abode of knowledge and wisdom. The educators should believe in what they teach while giving prominence to the beliefs of the students.
They should break away their hierarchical circle and prepare their minds to learn with and from the students. Teachers should be sincere, respectful and easily approachable towards their students.
“Do not train children to learning by force and harshness, but direct them to it by what amuses their mind”Plato
On the whole, the ideal concept of education is not learning for living. It is the realization of who we are and what we want in life. It is the awareness of oneself and the society.
Each one of us is unique. Each one of us is gifted with distinctive powers. Education is the tool to exercise those powers to the fullest for the betterment of the individual and the society.
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