Roles of women in society

The Different Roles of Women in Society

~Shradha Tiwari

If the first woman God ever made was strong enough to turn the world upside down all alone, these together ought to be able to turn it back and get it right side up again

— Sojourner Truth, American abolitionist

Two is better than one. Three is better than two. And the numbers would keep increasing till the world exists and the world would become a better place to live in.

Many societies together constitute the world. The more the women live in a society, the better a place the society becomes. Life always gives a different script of roles to a woman.

It is upon that woman and the other characters in the script to let every role be played beautifully. How about the role that she has to play in the development of society?

To understand the roles of women in society, it is important to understand the timeline of changes surrounding women.

Women, Then-

Travelling back to ancient times, women were majorly confined within the walls of the house. The man of the house was the only source of income and women merely a caretaker.

Every woman had the ideas and wants in herself, but no mouth to speak it out. She lived for others, while the stereotypes lived for her. Covered body, shame on the face, less words, and care for the household- the only expectations from her.

Women and girl children, back then were prohibited education. Moreover, she had no voting rights.

Female foeticide, child marriages, dowry, harassments and the innumerable crimes committed on women clearly portray the inhumane lives that they faced back then.

Women, Now-

There is a queen who hails the world because, according to her, a queen is never afraid to fail.

She is the first woman who is a billionaire and is black skinned. Surprising? Not anymore. Not in today’s world.

With her famous show, she brought a revolution and spread positivity in the American life. Still could not recognize her? Let’s have a hint. The show is called The Oprah Winfrey Show.

 And, her name is Oprah Winfrey! Yes, an influential name in today’s world.

A broad change has come. Women’s roles and boundaries have taken a leap from within the house to within the Milky Way Galaxy.

Being independent, becoming the voice of the unheard, challenging and changing the society for the better and also the finance powerhouse. These are some among the countless roles that women perform.

She is still the person who nurtures family. But now, the family includes both the household and the society.

African Women

The Different Roles of Women in  Society

Charity begins at home. By the same token, social responsibility begins at home too.

There are several roles that women take in their journey from indoors to outdoors, to shape a better society.

The different roles of a woman in society can be summed up as follows:

  • Mother and Wife – The Selfless Caretaker
  • Housewife Inside,  a Worker Outside
  • Educator to Educate All
  • The Economist
  • The Health Officer
  • Activist

Let us elaborate on the points in detail.

Mother and Wife – The Selfless Caretaker

A woman is the pivot that balances the whole family and keeps the family members together. She takes birth in a family, learns the cultural and moral values, and gets married to be a part of another family.

Undoubtedly, she has the biggest responsibility of passing her learning to the future generations.

In this journey, she becomes a partner to the man. She stands as a shield for him. The wife absorbs all of her husband’s stress and shares all her joys with him.

She is a selfless wife now who strives to give her husband complete care, love and peace.

And of course, the most beautiful part – Being a mother. A woman carries a baby in her womb for 9 months and sows in the child, the seeds of good behaviour and character. She gives birth and teaches the cultural, social values to the child.

Mother is always the first teacher. She protects her child from even the littlest harms of life and prepares him/her for a better future. This upbringing works as the steering for the vehicle of society.

For her child, a mother becomes a doctor, a teacher, a friend, a chef, and the perfect guide who, selflessly, forever.

This duty as a caretaker is not only limited to the family. A woman is the perfect nurse providing shelter to the homeless, orphans, old aged and animals.

She is the one who could take charge of the needy and serve them for making them feel like a part of the same society.

Housewife Inside,  a Worker Outside

As mentioned, she is a caretaker. Inside the home, she takes care of the décor of the house, keeps it organized, cooks food, cleans the house, and keeps the grocery and bills in check.

She is preferably the ‘Home Minister’ who not only handles every tantrum of the family members but does all the household chores.

When she steps outside the house, she is a worker. In her professional life, she presides over meetings, implements and executes ideas and works for the betterment of her workplace.

Also, in this way she becomes another source of income for the family, thus breaking the notion of the man being the only source of income. This double role helps to maintain the balance of the workflow in society.

Roles of women is society

Educator to Educate All

A woman ensures the long-term success of the society and tries to uplift the standards for women in society with education. If the woman of the house is educated, the whole family receives the education without any gender bias.

This leads towards a more educated society, which in turn helps to reduce the other social challenges.

The Economist

When a nation goes through recession, the economists play a huge role in managing the finance of the country. In the same manner, women manage the income of the house.

They prepare monthly budgets and do the purchases according to the needs. Generating savings is their main duty. During the time of crisis, it is their intelligent minds that manage the monetary operations within the family.

In 2019, the global labour force participation percentage of women was 47.7%. This shows that women workforce could lead to a better economy for a nation.

The Health Officer

A woman, be it a mother, a sister or a wife, knows every little thing about the allergies, health problems and medications of her family.

She takes care that her family members receive more nutritional and healthy food and adopt healthy habits. She is always concerned about keeping her family healthy and providing them the best of everything.

Healthy families lead to the development of a healthy society.

In the professional fields women as nurses, doctors, and healthcare staff work day in and day out to serve us and protect us. Whoever has ever been admitted to a hospital can relate.

Nurses, with their utmost care, leave no stones unturned in taking care and healing the patients.

The present pandemic, COVID-19 has shown us the power of women. Doctors, nurses, and all other healthcare staff, both male and female are treating the COVID-19 affected patients, even by risking their own lives.



Women know the loopholes of the society very well, because they are the ones who are the victims of it. Thus, it should be them who should fill in those holes.

Women have the ability to bring social reforms. They have the ability to make the society aware of the monsters that reside in it in the form of harassments, taboos, and violence.

 The #Me Too movement was a big hit to address the harassment issues.

In the field of activism, yet another powerful name is Greta Thunberg.

Even though she is a teenager, this Swedish girl is the one who drove the world’s attention towards climate change and became one of the finest climate activists.

Activism could be of anything. Be it for climate, women safety or equal rights. The truth is that women are born leaders and know how to rectify these societal errors.


In a society, men and women are like the two pans of the beam-balance that are important to maintain the equilibrium of the society.

Be it Florence Nightingale to cure the wounded soldiers during the Crimean War, Mother Teresa to nurse the dying people in the slums of Calcutta or Kalpana Chawala to make the dream of touching the stars a possibility for millions, women have always set the foundation of the different pillars of the society.

Therefore, the roles of women are such that they are immeasurable and uncountable. The importance mentioned above is just a small portion of their immense number of responsibilities.

With time, these roles will get more refined and more defined. And the society would climb the stairs of improvement, holding the hands of our mothers, sisters and the women all over the world.

Anupam Kundu
A professional blogger and an IT freak. The atypical combo of a Civil Service aspirant and a Tech enthusiast.